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Program Details

Paralegal Studies Course Details

Your four semester Paralegal Studies Associate Degree program consists of courses covering legal topics such as legal investigations, paralegal ethics, civil and criminal litigation, and more.

Program Goal and Outcomes

Program Goal

The Paralegal Associate's Degree program is designed to prepare students for entry-level positions as paralegals or legal assistants by providing a broad college-level curriculum. The program also serves to meet requirements for promotions and additional careers, while providing a strong foundation for further training.

Upon completion of the program, students will be able to...
  • Demonstrate effective written and interpersonal communication skills
  • Demonstrate a high level of inquiry, analytical, and problem-solving skills
  • Demonstrate effective quantitative skills
  • Demonstrate computer and information literacy
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the liberal arts, natural sciences, and social sciences
  • Discuss the legal system in the United States, including the origins and history of the law and the development of common law, statutory law, and constitutional law
  • Understand when communications with clients and others are privileged and how to avoid conflicts of interest
  • Recognize and use legal terminology appropriately
  • Recognize ethical violations and understand ethical rules that regulate conduct of lawyers and paralegals
  • Identify the paralegal's role in the interview process and discuss proper investigation techniques, including interviewing clients and witnesses and understanding types of testamentary evidence
  • Discuss torts and defenses to tort actions and understand negligence, liability, and workers' compensation
  • Describe different forms of business organization, the elements of contracts and rules pertaining to contracts, ownership of property, creditors and bankruptcy, and the law of agency
  • Write an effective legal memorandum; state and characterize facts and legal arguments to best advance a legal position
  • Research primary and secondary sources to determine relevant case law, find statutes and other information from appropriate sources using Lexis.com and other Internet sources, and correctly cite sources Understand jurisdiction, venue, and evidence law; describe some important hearsay exceptions
  • Understand how to prepare, file, and serve complaints and motions
  • Explain criminal law and procedure, the elements of crimes, criminal defense, and the role of the Constitution
  • Discuss the fundamental principles of law dealing with marriage, divorce, and parenthood
  • Understand the paralegal's role in real estate transactions, including contracts, title abstraction, deeds, mortgages, closing documents, and leases; prepare preliminary drafts of commonly used documents
  • Discuss the responsibilities of practicing paralegals in the field of wills, trusts, and estate administration, including preparing preliminary drafts of wills and trusts

Semester 1

Basic Skills Assessment

All degree applicants are required to complete two Basic Skills Assessments, one in reading and one in math, to determine the level of readiness for beginning their selected program.  Additional studies may be required.

Succeed by learning how to use your Penn Foster program, and learn the fundamentals of the paralegal field.

Objectives:

  • Understand how to use your Student Portal.
  • Access the Penn Foster Community and use it to find answers.
  • Connect with Penn Foster on various social media sites.
  • Describe typical duties carried out by paralegals and how to work with attorneys.
  • Understand the laws and regulations governing paralegals.
  • Know the education and licensing required.
  • Obtain practical information concerning your career goals.
  • Locate potential employers in your area.
Get better at finding and using information!

Objectives:

  • Search the Internet more effectively.
  • Get tips about search engines and reliable websites.
  • Learn how to search libraries and other information centers for important, useful information.
Familiarity with common legal words and phrases is required when creating and interpreting legal documents. This lesson will introduce you to a broad range of basic legal terminology and documents. Strong critical thinking skills improve your own arguments and your ability to evaluate the arguments of others.

Legal Terminology

Objectives:

  • Define and understand common Latin legal terms and terms associated with litigation.
  • Compare the various types of jurisdiction and kinds of documents used in litigation.
  • Understand criminal procedure and common criminal defenses.
  • Recognize the elements commonly included in contracts.
  • Describe the ways in which contracts may be terminated.
  • Explain the various legal actions associated with family law.
  • Understand the terminology used in recording ownership of real property.

    Additional Course Materials:

  • Downloadable audio files: Legal Terminology 1
  • Downloadable audio files: Legal Terminology 2

Critical Thinking

Objectives:

  • Assess strength of logic, reasoning, and conclusions.
  • Recognize the elements of propaganda and emotional manipulation.
This course will allow you to polish and enhance your writing skills.

Objectives:

  • Effectively use free writing and brainstorming.
  • Perfect your ability to edit and revise your writing.
  • Apply techniques for getting the reader’s attention.
  • Write descriptive essays, first-person narratives, reflective essays, persuasive essays, and effective thesis statements.
Paralegals are responsible for maintaining confidentiality and competence; handling fees and funds; avoiding potential malpractice of law; and preventing conflicts of interest.

Objectives:

  • Understand the guidelines that regulate lawyers’ and paralegals’ conduct.
  • Identify rules concerning confidentiality and attorney-client privilege.
  • Conduct financial billings.
  • Recognize potential malpractice and conflict of interest issues.
Learn how history has shaped the organization of contemporary courts as well as the legal system of case law, codes, and administrative regulations.

Objectives:

  • Outline the structure, functions and obligations of state and federal courts.
  • Describe the differences between litigation in the state and federal courts.
  • Understand the sources of law and the legal theory from which a particular law originates.
  • Explain how the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights apply to modern laws, procedures, court decisions, and theories.
  • Describe how a case moves through the federal court system.
  • Compare the differences between civil and criminal trials.
  • Understand the steps involved in litigating a civil trial.
  • Examine the legal profession’s working environment, kind of work they do, and special obligations.
This course will allow you to build your computer skills through a combination of reading and hands-on practice. You will navigate popular software tools such as Windows® and Microsoft® Office.

Objectives:

  • Create, edit, and illustrate Microsoft® Word™ documents.
  • Apply formulas and functions to large data sets in Microsoft® Excel.®
  • Incorporate useful charts and graphs to summarize data.
  • Add, delete, sort, and lay out table data.
  • Create presentations in Microsoft® PowerPoint® using advanced tools, tables, and charts.

Learning Aids

Legal Specialties lists some of the typical duties of a paralegal in various fields. It also contains two self-assessment quizzes to help you determine in what field of law you might like to work when you finish your program.

Legal terminology audio files to help you learn the language of the law—including pronunciation! Download mp3 files from your online student account.

Barron’s Dictionary of Legal Terms contains nearly 3,000 legal terms translated into simple English. This reference book will help you throughout your career.

Custom edition of the Little, Brown Essential Handbook customized for Penn Foster students.

Textbook

Successful College Writing

Proctored Examination

You will be required to complete a proctored exam on selected courses each semester. These assessments will evaluate the knowledge and skills that you learned during the semester. You choose the time, the location, and the qualified exam supervisor.

Semester 2

This course is designed to help you develop professional relationships in the workplace.

Objectives:

  • Understand and explain the components of communication, both verbal and nonverbal.
  • Develop effective listening and observation skills.
  • Recognize prejudice in interpersonal relations.
  • Describe personal traits essential for successful interpersonal relations.
Many paralegals spend a great deal of time talking with clients and/or witnesses. This course will teach you how to effectively interview people and conduct legal investigations.

Objectives:

  • Understand the ethical considerations and responsibilities of the paralegal and the attorney in interviewing.
  • Prepare for and conduct an interview and investigation.
  • Use different types of questions to elicit responses from a variety of people.
  • Summarize the information discovered during the interview and investigation process.
A tort is essentially any action that causes harm to a person or property. A good deal of law involves torts, so as a paralegal, you’ll be constantly exposed to tort actions. Your textbook provides many interesting real-life examples of cases involving injured parties. Discover how these cases travel through the legal system, beginning with filing a complaint and ending with settlement, arbitration, or trial.

Objectives:

  • Understand the fundamentals of legal analysis and how to prepare a legal memorandum.
  • Outline an investigative strategy for a personal injury case.
  • Draft a complaint.
  • Understand the tests that establish causation.
  • Characterize strict liability in tort and the defenses to liability in tort.
This course is an introduction to the legal environment of business. Topics covered include American court practice and procedure, alternative dispute resolutions, employment law, business organization and regulation, contract law, and agency relationships.

Objectives:

  • Understand the judicial process and alternative dispute resolution.
  • Describe different forms of business organization and their characteristics.
  • Identify elements of contracts and rules pertaining to contracts.
  • Understand law of agency and laws concerning employment.
Continue to explore the legal aspects of business today.

Objectives:

  • Handle legal matters dealing with wills, trusts, and estates.
  • Understand laws pertaining to ownership, leasing, and transfer of property.
  • Write sales and lease contracts.
  • Identify the rights of secured and unsecured creditors and the consequences of bankruptcy.
  • Describe the principles of torts and criminal law as they relate to business.
  • Explain laws pertaining to ownership and transfer of property Describe the general principles involved in wills, trusts, and estates
  • Discuss the formation of sales and lease contracts and the legal issues arising from those types of contracts
  • Explain the purpose and types of negotiable instruments and the role they play in business
  • Explain the rights of secured and unsecured creditors and the consequences of bankruptcy
  • Define risk management and discuss the purpose of different types of insurance, including life, property, automobile, and health
  • Discuss the principles of torts, the different types of torts, and criminal law as it relates to business
This course introduces basic algebraic concepts that you’ll need to be successful in your career.

Objectives:

  • Understand the systems of equations, polynomials, and radicals.
  • Factor polynomial expressions.
  • Simplify rational expressions.

Additional Course Material:
Textbook: Intermediate Algebra


Learning Aids

Voice and Diction audio files will help you learn to speak clearly and effectively. Download mp3 files from your online student account.

Textbooks

Torts Personal Injury Litigation, Fourth Edition, by William P. Statsky

Business Law with UCC Applications, Twelfth Edition, by Gordon W. Brown and Paul A. Sukys

Practical Business Math Procedures, Ninth Edition, by Jeffrey Slater

Proctored Examination

You will be required to complete a proctored exam on selected courses each semester. These assessments will evaluate the knowledge and skills that you learned during the semester. You choose the time, the location, and the qualified exam supervisor.

Semester 3

Analyze economy-wide phenomena through the study of macroeconomics, including inflation, unemployment, and trade deficits.

Objectives:

  • Identify the basic function of economics in our society
  • Examine various economic tradeoffs that people face
  • Explain the laws of supply and demand
  • Use the concept of elasticity to explain changes in a market
  • Discuss the pros and cons of trade restrictions
  • Calculate and interpret the unemployment rate and the labor-force participation rate
  • Describe the notion of deadweight loss and its relevance to taxes
  • Draw and interpret short-run and long-run Phillips curves
  • Explain why economists focus on GDP, inflation, and unemployment when assessing economic health
  • Describe how comparative advantage and specialization affect international trade
  • Describe how differences between world prices and domestic prices prompt exports and imports
  • Describe how changes in income affect consumption and saving
This course will introduce you legal writing and to the great number of tools that can be used in legal research. You will practice these skills through three writing and research projects.

Objectives:

  • Format legal writing.
  • Perform some basic techniques to enhance your writing.
  • Approach a research problem from different access points.
  • Look up cases and statutes using the appropriate sources.
  • Read and brief a case.
  • Use basic procedures for citation.
  • Formulate a search request and search for documents.
  • Locate, profile, and investigate people and companies.
  • Conduct financial and business research.
  • Quickly and efficiently retrieve legal information using Lexis.com.
(Choose one) ...

SSC125 - Introduction to Sociology

This course is designed to introduce you to social structure and social interaction through groups, networks, and organizations. Study politics, the economy, population, social movements, technology, and social change.

Objectives:

  • Describe deviance, crime, and social control.
  • Discuss the effects of stratification, racial and ethnic inequality, sex, gender, and sexuality.
  • Examine the role of health, family, education, and religion in human behavior.

SSC130 - Essentials of Psychology 

This course will introduce you to the relationship between biology and behavior. You will learn about human development throughout the life span.

Objectives:

  • Identify major psychological theories.
  • Discuss consciousness, memory, thought, and language.
  • Define intelligence, personality, and stress.
  • Analyze the role of gender in psychology.
  • Explain how community influences behavior.

SSC105 - World Civilizations

This course will allow you to understand the importance of studying history as it relates to the individual and society as a whole.

Objectives:

  • Discuss the major events of the sixteenth through twentieth centuries.
  • Explain the consequences of events and the trends that they cause.
Litigation involves the use of the court system to resolve disputes. Increasingly, paralegals are involved in litigation support.

Objectives:

  • Explain the purpose of litigation and the differences between civil and criminal litigation.
  • Know the role of court system personnel in litigation.
  • Prepare and file a complaint.
  • Define evidence law and the requirements to make evidence admissible.
  • Describe hearsay and some important hearsay exceptions.
(Choose one) ...

HUM102 - Art Appreciation

In this course, you will gain an understanding of artistic media, historical periods and artistic movements, the roles of the artist and the viewer, and the principles of art criticism.

Objectives:

  • Define the language, visual elements, and principles of design of art
  • Identify two-dimensional media
  • Identify three-dimensional media
  • Explain the evolution of art from ancient Mediterranean cultures through eighteenth century Europe
  • Identify features and popular examples of art throughout the history of African, Asian, Pacific, and American cultures
  • Compare the genres of the Modern and Postmodern eras of art from around the world

Additional Course Material:
Textbook: Living with Art, 11th Edition

HUM104 - Music Appreciation

In this course, you'll understand how to appreciate music by learning about the roles of the composer and the listener, the principles of music theory and instrumentation, musically significant historical periods, and varying styles of music.

Objectives:

  • Identify the building blocks of music a composer can use to create a piece, such as rhythm, melody, harmony, texture, form, and timbre
  • Explain the evolution of Western music through history, from the Middle Ages to the twenty-first century
  • Differentiate between the music of the baroque era and the musical styles of previous time periods
  • Recognize the major characteristics of classical music, including form, melody, and instrumentation
  • Discuss the musical trends and innovations that occurred during the romantic era
  • Trace the evolution of American popular music in the twentieth century
  • Recognize the influence of world music on modern Western composition

Additional Course Material:
Textbook: Experience Music, Fourth Edition

ENG115 - Introduction to Literature

This course will allow you to develop your critical thinking skills and broaden your knowledge of literature.

Objectives:

  • Identify themes and forms of literature.
  • Define the main genres of literature—poetry, fiction, and drama.

Textbook

Macroeconomics by Campbell R. McConnell, Stanley L. Brue, and Sean M. Flynn

Learning Aid

Online Resource: Access to Lexis.com,® one of the premier providers of online legal research

Supplement 

Selected Federal Civil Rules

Proctored Examination

You will be required to complete a proctored exam on selected courses each semester. These assessments will evaluate the knowledge and skills that you learned during the semester. You choose the time, the location, and the qualified exam supervisor.

Semester 4

This course provides you with an introduction to the practice and theory of criminal law.

Objectives:

  • Define the role played by the paralegal in various criminal justice agencies.
  • Identify the origins, evolution, and sources of the criminal law.
  • Explain the conduct (actus reus) and the state of mind (mens rea) components involved in criminal offenses.
  • Analyze the important constitutional and statutory defenses that pertain to criminal conduct.
  • Outline the process of criminal case intake and the drafting of formal criminal charges.
  • Track the progression of a criminal case from the pretrial, trial, and post-trial stages, with emphasis on the rights of the accused at each stage of the proceedings.
This course provides an introduction to the various methods of organizing material for a professional setting. Students will compose business documents using the ABC method. These include memos, emails, outlines, reports and proposals, descriptions, and organizing materials. Students also work on honing their grammar skills.

Objectives:

  • Describe the basics of the writing process and the ABC method of organizing material for a document
  • Identify the parts of speech in a sentence
  • Demonstrate correct pronoun use
  • Choose proper and effective words for writing documents
  • Identify the elements of a well-written sentence
  • Demonstrate how to use length, directness, emphasis, and variety to craft impactful sentences
  • Explain how to construct a coherent paragraph
  • Describe how to write an effective cover letter and resume
  • Format and write an interoffice memorandum, a routine business letter, and an effective email
  • Identify the different ways to write for blogs, the Internet, and social media
  • Describe how to create an organized formal outline
  • Identify the types of research and methods of documentation used in business and technical writing
  • Explain how to create visual interest and clarity in reports with illustrations, tables, graphs, charts, and overall design
  • Explain the purpose and importance of various types of informal reports
  • Describe the nature of formal reports and identify their components
  • Differentiate among external, internal, informal, and formal proposals
  • Describe an object or a process and prepare a set of instructions
  • Describe the preparation and submission of professional and technical articles and manuals
This course will provide you with a solid foundation in the basic legal principles that apply to family law.

Objectives:

  • Describe the origin, development, and current trends in family law.
  • Define the elements of a valid premarital agreement.
  • Discuss the difference between a traditional ceremonial marriage and a common law marriage.
  • Explain the difference between a divorce and an annulment.
  • Understand the differences between a no-fault divorce and a fault divorce.
The real estate industry — real estate development, construction, sales, leases, and financing—generates a great deal of work for law firms. Paralegals often work with real estate law, and this course is designed to teach you the basics. Real estate law varies some from state to state, but most of the principles are the same in all states.

Objectives:

  • Understand the types, content, and preparation of deeds.
  • Understand how real estate is described in deeds.
  • Define and give examples of encumbrances, easements, and licenses.
  • Describe some of the ways government regulates the use of real estate.
  • Describe the components of a real estate purchase contract and the real estate closing process.
  • Explain the role of lawyers and paralegals in the process of real estate financing.
  • List the provisions of a standard lease and explain their purpose.
Paralegals often handle matters dealing with wills, trusts, and/or estate administration.

Objectives:

  • Understand statutes and statutory language.
  • Draft a preliminary will for the supervising attorney’s review.
  • Prepare preliminary drafts of the various kinds of trusts.
  • Prepare legal forms to create an estate plan.
  • Apply the procedures and prepare the legal forms used in probate and estate administration.
  • Prepare the tax returns of a decedent’s estate.
(Choose one) ...

SCI140-Nutrition

This course will allow you to develop a healthier lifestyle by making smarter nutritional decisions.

Objectives:

  • Explain the various components of nutrition as a science.
  • Describe nutrition from a global viewpoint.
  • Understand the importance of water and exercise.
  • Identify the basics of human growth and aging.
  • Discuss food safety procedures.

Additional Course Material:

  • Textbook: Personal Nutrition

SCI120-Introduction to Biology

This course will allow you to explore the origin of life and the relationships among all living things.

Objectives:

  • Explain how organisms are structured and how they work.
  • Discuss the various forms of life and their processes.

Additional Course Material:

  • Textbook: Essentials of Biology

SCI110 - Earth Science

This course will allow you to learn about planet Earth and the various aspects of the environment.

Objectives:

  • Describe specific characteristics of Earth.
  • Describe different types of rocks and minerals.

Textbooks

Family Law for the Paralegal, by Mary E. Wilson

Wills, Trusts,and Estate Administration, by Dennis R. Hower and Peter Kahn

Reality of Real Estate, by Charles P. Nemeth

Criminal Law for Paralegals

Proctored Examination

You will be required to complete a proctored exam on selected courses each semester. These assessments will evaluate the knowledge and skills that you learned during the semester. You choose the time, the location, and the qualified exam supervisor.

Additional Details

Associate Degrees from Penn Foster College are awarded under licensing from the Arizona State Board for Private Postsecondary Education.
The American Council on Education's College Credit Recommendation Service (ACE CREDIT) has evaluated and recommended college credit for many Penn Foster College courses. Students who plan to continue their education with another school after completing coursework at Penn Foster College should check with that school regarding credit transfer policies. No form of accreditation guarantees that any learning institution will accept credits from any school as transfer credits.
Penn Foster College Accreditation & Licensing Details
Penn Foster College has been nationally accredited for over 40 years, and has met the high standards of integrity and performance set by the Distance Education Accrediting Commission (DEAC) in Washington, D.C. Penn Foster College has been thoroughly reviewed and has earned several important accreditations and licensing. We also participate in the National Council for State Authorization Reciprocity Agreements.

DEAC
SARA
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Progress Tracking and Goal Setting Tools
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Progress Tracking and Goal Setting Tools
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Sample Paralegal Studies Associate Degree Lesson

Penn Foster courses are written in a way that is easy to understand, and materials are broken down into manageable lessons. Take a look at what an Associate Degree in Paralegal Studies course would look like.
Penn Foster Sample Lesson
Computer Specifications
As you know this is an online academic program. This means you will need high-speed internet access to begin your program. In addition, you will need access to a Microsoft® Windows® based computer running Windows 7® or later or an Apple® Mac® computer running OS X® or later, and an email account to participate in and complete your program.
Access to Microsoft® Office 365 is a requirement for this program.
We reserve the right to change program content and materials when it becomes necessary.
Microsoft and Windows are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation registered in the United States of America and/or other jurisdictions.
Apple, Mac, and OS X are trademarks of Apple, Inc. registered in the United States of America and/or other jurisdictions.
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